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  • General yellowing of lower leaves which progress upwards.
  • The affected leaves become flaccid and fall off.
  • Tip burn of leaves and die-back of twigs appear. Root knot, can be seen in the vine showing the yellowing of leaves. The affected vines gradually die.
  • Vascular browning can be seen.


  • Soil drenching with Copper oxychloride in May– June and September– October.